It’s easy to travel within the European continent because it’s so small and well connected. Virtually every major city is connected via budget flights, train and buses. Luxembourg is one of those destinations that’s centrally located between Belgium, France and Germany but it often doesn’t get much attention. For a long time, I had certainly heard about Luxembourg but had no clue what to expect. What could such a small country, often overlooked by more famous cities nearby like Paris, Brussels or Amsterdam really have to offer? But although Luxembourg is small, there are plenty of great activities to keep you busy for a long weekend. A 3-day trip is a perfect getaway and a great way to explore the city itself as well as a few surrounding areas.

Central Train Station in Luxembourg City
Central Train Station in Luxembourg City

Consider booking a hotel in a central neighborhood in Luxembourg City. This will allow you to walk to many of the attractions and monuments, which are all within close proximity to the center. I stayed at the Hotel Vauban, which was centrally located in the main plaza and also walking distance to the main train station and to many sights of interest. And with rates as low as 70€ per night, it's an affordable private room in an otherwise expensive city. We also recommend HotelsCombined to find the best deal on accommodations. The platform allows you to compare prices from major booking sites to find the lowest rate. View Luxembourg hotels  →

If a hotel isn’t your style and you prefer having more cozy accommodations, try renting an apartment with a site like AirBnB. Prices are generally comparable to budget hotels, especially if you’re willing to get a room in a shared apartment. Plus, if you sign up with AirBnB using this link you will receive a free $25 credit on your first stay.

The currency of Luxembourg is the Euro, so no conversation is required, making it a simple visit. Luxembourg airport is also just 6km outside the city center and the city now even offers free public transportation. Or for simplicity, you can also book a private transfer from the airport to your hotel. Book transfer →

What I quickly found upon my arrival is that Luxembourg is incredibly diverse in its people and landscape. I often wonder when I travel to a place, “What does the average local look like? How do they conduct themselves? Are their customs noticeably different from the places I’ve visited?” I soon found out that the people of Luxembourg are not what I expected. And even more, I was really in awe by the beauty of the city and how its natural landscape formed its history.

Luxembourg City Old Town
Luxembourg City Old Town

Upon arriving in Luxembourg you’ll immediately notice that the population is very diverse. People young and old were dressed in both business suits and casual, yet stylish outfits. You’re very likely to hear a variety of foreign languages spoken as well. The reality is that Luxembourg City has a foreign community of nearly 70%! People from all over Europe and around the world come to live and work in Luxembourg, often taking jobs working for an international bank or the European Union. Luxembourg City actually shares the title of Capital of Europe with just Brussels and Strasbourg, as these three cities house most of the European Union administrative and political offices.

So, once I became accustomed to the dynamic and diversity of the city, my next mission was to discover what to see in Luxembourg. I wanted to explore the culture and offerings in this tiny country with a population of just 530,000 inhabitants.
There are a variety of attractions, but I’ve narrowed down the experiences to the top 5 things to do in Luxembourg.

Visiting the Lower City of Grund was one of my favorite things to do in Luxembourg City
Lower City of Grund in Luxembourg

City Promenade Guided Walking Tour

I’ll be honest. I usually don’t like walking tours much but usually participate because it’s a good way to familiarize yourself with the city at the beginning of a visit. In this case, I was pleasantly surprised and I enjoyed both the tour and guide. Given the international nature of the city, our guide gave the tour in both English and German. She was fantastic and was one of the few local Luxemburger’s I met in the city. I was intrigued by this place from the beginning and her knowledge and general trivia kept my interest for the entire four hours. Book tour →

Luxembourg Written Language

Casemates du Bock

Luxembourg was founded in the 10th century with the construction of a castle on a nearly impenetrable rock at the tip of the current old town. Beneath this former castle (it’s now in ruins) are 17  km of tunnels carved out of the rock that was used for storage and defense of the castle in the middle ages. The tunnels open up on all ends to panoramic views of the city and the valley below. Some of the paths can be a bit claustrophobic but it honestly adds to the experience. Learn more →

Entrance to the Casemates du Bock in Luxembourg
Entrance to the Casemates du Bock

Petrusse Park in the Alzette Valley

I visited the Petrusse Park not as a tourist activity but because it had a picture-perfect jogging path. During our 1-year round-the-world trip, we managed to stay in shape by jogging in nearly every city and country we visited. My travels today are no different and I was happy to find a pathway down to the park just 5 minutes walking from Hotel Vauban, where I stayed in the old town. But don’t think you need to be exercising to visit this place. In fact, I would recommend taking a walk around the park any time of day to experience the views of the opposing cliffs, the far-reaching bridges and the small, yet surprisingly quaint river that is responsible for carving its way through this valley millions of years ago, giving Luxembourg the topology it has today.

Vianden Castle in Northern Luxembourg

One benefit of visiting such a small country is the ease of exploring the cities and regions outside the capital. I took a day trip from Luxembourg City to Vianden to visit the most beautiful castle in Luxembourg. Vianden is just 50 km from Luxembourg City and it’s easily reached via train and bus, taking about 1 hour. You can visit the Luxembourg City Tourist Office for directions and transit schedules. It’s probably worthwhile to buy the Luxembourg Card one-day pass for this journey which only costs 9€. This will save you from buying individual tickets and it actually gets you free entrance to other sites, activities and museums. From Luxembourg City central station you take the train to Ettlebruck Gare, where you change to bus 570 to Vianden. Get off at the Vianden bus station (called “Vianden Gare”) or go one stop farther, which is actually closer to the castle entrance. From the bottom of the hill, the castle is about a 15-minute walk. The entrance to the castle is 6€ (free with the Luxembourg card) but I suggest paying the extra 2€ for the audio guide because there is no signage in English. Round trip, organized tours are also available from Luxembourg City and make the trip much simpler to navigate. Book tour →

What to do in Luxembourg? Visit the Vianden Castle
Vianden Castle in Luxembourg

The Views of Old Town Luxembourg from the Lower Town of Grund

My favorite part of the entire trip was exploring the lower town of Grund, which sits on the Alzette River and is at the base of the former fortress surrounding Luxembourg City old town.  The views along the river are stunning and the views up to the old town are even more spectacular. From the entrance to Grund, you can walk up the hill 15 minutes where you’ll find several viewpoints perched on the side of the cliff with some of the bests views of Luxembourg City you’ll find. Grund is actually only a 10-minute walk from the old town but don’t make the mistake I did! I walked down from the old town to Grund, winding down the roads that switch back and forth. I later discovered there’s an elevator that cut my 15-minute journey down the hill to about 30 seconds. Just follow the elevator signs pointing to Grund.

Lower Grund - one of the Luxembourg Attractions

Elevator to Grund in Luxembourg City
Elevator to Grund

My visit was great and I was surprised by all things to do in Luxembourg City and by how much I enjoyed it. It’s one of the few small cities I actually wish I had more time to explore. Though one aspect of my visit that did disappoint me was how the city shuts down after 7pm. Living in Luxembourg wouldn't be well suited for me. I’m accustomed to big city life in Madrid and the late-night habits of Spanish culture, so I was a bit thrown off when I couldn't find a supermarket or any shops open in the evening. Luckily, there are plenty of restaurants and bars in around that are open into the night to feed your appetite for any food or drink!

Have you ever visited Luxembourg changed? Let us know your thoughts in the comments!

The Luxembourg City Tourism Board sponsored several aspects of my visit but rest assured all opinions are mine.